The olive tree is one of the tree plants belonging to the olive branch. It is an evergreen evergreen tree. It is considered an ecological and economic treasure. It is a blessed tree mentioned in seven places in the Holy Quran. It is a blessed tree.
Olive tree environment:
The origin of the olive tree is believed to be from two regions, east of the Mediterranean basin (from Adana in Turkey to southern Palestine) and north of Saudi Arabia to the southern Caspian region. According to the fossils – the remains of trees and animals from fossils – about olive trees, according to the fact that it dates back to about 37 thousand years, where scientists found fossilized olive paper on the island of Santorini Greek, according to Wikipedia in English, which speaks about olives. According to the same encyclopedia in Arabic, there is an olive tree estimated at 6,000 years old in Palestine.
Olive tree cultivation:
The olive tree occupies a prominent place at the local and international levels, unlike any other tree. In recent years,
First, olive trees prefer well-dried soil (flat or gentle slope) and exposure to direct sunlight, can not tolerate temperatures below 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-7 degrees Celsius) for Days, but a certain amount of cold is necessary to develop the fruit, that is why olive trees are not planted in tropical climates.
The average olive tree starts to produce olives at the age of 4-5 years and will last forever, God willing, and there are results indicating that in some cases still some large trees that reach 1800 years produce buds.
The olive tree responds largely to irrigation and fertilization, while pruning is necessary at least every year or two, provided you take care of your olive trees, the average harvest (40-90 kg) will be harvested for every mature healthy tree.
Olive oil and its types:
Extra Virgin Olive Oil: Olive oil extracted from olive fruits in natural ways only, under suitable thermal conditions that do not affect its qualities. Olive oil is also classified according to several characteristics:
Color, appearance, transparency, density, odor, taste).
This oil is classified into two basic types:
The first is the olive oil produced from the first juice of the beginning of the fruit of fresh olives and is called extra virgin olive oil Extra Super Virgin. It is considered the best types of oils, and is characterized by taste and smell of supernatural to the usual, and the degree of acidity does not exceed 0.03 to 0.08.
Second: pure virgin olive oil and is considered to be the lowest quality of excellent pristine, and has an acceptable taste, and the degree of acidity between 1-1.5 degrees.
Third: Semi-pure virgin olive oil: This type of packing is prohibited only in cases for external use, and its pH is between 1.5-3 degrees.
Fourth: It is olive oil, extracted from the remnants of the age of olive fruits
It is called refined olive oil, virgin olive oil, but with a high acidity, and can be refined using chemical methods, which leads to the loss of oil and its natural characteristics and characteristics of the original and without color and smell and taste, which is used to make soap.